The History Book Club - CHINA: RISE OF COMMUNISM IN CHINA Showing 1-18 of 18
The history of China's Communist Party
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's In contrast to Chen Duxiu, Li did not renounce participation in the affairs of the Republic of China. Both of them regarded the . By the end of the year, the CPC became the major ruling party in China. During the s and s.
How China went from communist to capitalist
Formation The Communist Party of China was formed in It was under Mao Zedong's control in Eventually, Mao led a revolution, and the communist party obtained control in They followed the example of the soviet model of development through heavy industry with surpluses extracted from peasants. Consumer goods were left to secondary importance. In the sino-soviet split of the 's, Mao split from traditional Marxism-Leninism and developed Maoism, the Chinese interpretation of communism. Mao was upset with the Soviet leader Khrushchev's position of peacefulcoexistence between the communists and capitalists.
China's path to capitalism. US Global Investors Founded in as a hardline socialist country, the People's Republic of China has steadily embraced the tenets of capitalism, especially since economic reforms were enacted in Today, China's economy is the second-largest in the world and will likely overtake the U. Explore the following slideshow to learn how China has transformed itself into an economic powerhouse, and what it aspires to achieve in the future. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. Search icon A magnifying glass. It indicates, "Click to perform a search".
The CCP was founded as both a political party and a revolutionary movement in by revolutionaries such as Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu. Those two men and others had come out of the May Fourth Movement and had turned to Marxism after the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Revolution of - Among them were immoral leaders as well as effective leaders, a way of keeping their constituents in line, and the end of Communism as the party began with.
The creation of the PRC also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the Chinese Revolution of The Chinese Communist Party, founded in in Shanghai , originally existed as a study group working within the confines of the First United Front with the Nationalist Party. Chinese Communists joined with the Nationalist Army in the Northern Expedition of —27 to rid the nation of the warlords that prevented the formation of a strong central government. Frustrated by the focus of the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek on internal threats instead of the Japanese assault, a group of generals abducted Chiang in and forced him to reconsider cooperation with the Communist army. The Nationalists expended needed resources on containing the Communists, rather than focusing entirely on Japan, while the Communists worked to strengthen their influence in rural society. These undemocratic polices combined with wartime corruption made the Republic of China Government vulnerable to the Communist threat.
Since its start a century ago, Communism, a political and economic ideology that calls for a classless, government-controlled society in which everything is shared equally, has seen a series of surges—and declines. What started in Russia, became a global revolution, taking root in countries as far flung as China and Korea to Kenya and Sudan to Cuba and Nicaragua. It was the ideology behind one side of the Cold War and saw a symbolic decline with the fall of the Berlin Wall. Today just a handful of countries remain under communist rule. He industrialized the country through a state-controlled economy, but it led to famine.
The Communist Party is the sole governing party within mainland China , permitting only eight other , subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in , chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly, and by it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang KMT government from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War , leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China. It also controls the world's largest armed forces, the People's Liberation Army. The CPC is officially organised on the basis of democratic centralism , a principle conceived by Russian Marxist theoretician Vladimir Lenin which entails democratic and open discussion on policy on the condition of unity in upholding the agreed upon policies. When the National Congress is not in session, the Central Committee is the highest body, but since the body meets normally only once a year most duties and responsibilities are vested in the Politburo and its Standing Committee.