The Queen Mother: The Official Biography by William ShawcrossThe official and definitive biography of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother: consort of King George VI, mother of Queen Elizabeth II, grandmother of Prince Charles—and the most beloved British monarch of the twentieth century.
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon—the ninth of the Earl of Strathmore’s ten children—was born on August 4, 1900, and, certainly, no one could have imagined that her long life (she died in 2002) would come to reflect a changing nation over the course of an entire century. Now, William Shawcross—given unrestricted access to the Queen Mother’s personal papers, letters, and diaries—gives us a portrait of unprecedented vividness and detail. Here is the girl who helped convalescing soldiers during the First World War . . . the young Duchess of York helping her reluctant husband assume the throne when his brother abdicated . . . the Queen refusing to take refuge from the bombing of London, risking her own life to instill courage and hope in others who were living through the Blitz . . . the dowager Queen—the last Edwardian, the charming survivor of a long-lost era—representing her nation at home and abroad . . . the matriarch of the Royal Family and “the nation’s best-loved grandmother.”
A revelatory royal biography that is, as well, a singular history of Britain in the twentieth century.
The BIG Royal Family Tree Of Queen Elizabeth II: What You Need To Know!
She married Philip Mountbatten , Duke of Edinburgh, in , became queen on February 6, , and was crowned on June 2, As the longest-serving monarch in British history, she has tried to make her reign more modern and sensitive to a changing public while maintaining traditions associated with the crown. Her mother was Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. The couple married in and had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. Elizabeth has ties with most of the monarchs in Europe. At the time of her birth, most people did not realize Elizabeth would someday become queen of Great Britain. Elizabeth, nicknamed Lilibet, got to enjoy the first decade of her life with all the privileges of being a royal without the pressures of being the heir apparent.
Elizabeth was just 25 years old when she became Queen Elizabeth II , but thanks to her close relationship with her father, she was prepared. When Elizabeth was born on April 21, , it was widely believed that her father would never rule the country, as his older brother, Edward, was set to inherit the title of King. So for the first 10 years of young Elizabeth 's life, the family led a relatively quiet existence. The Duchess of York gave birth to her and Albert's second child, Margaret , in , and the family of four split their time between two royal homes — one in London, and one on the grounds of Windsor Great Park — where Elizabeth and her sister were privately tutored. Although the Duchess who later became known as The Queen Mother and Queen Mary Albert's mother are credited for much of Elizabeth and Margaret's education and upbringing, Albert reportedly also adored his two girls from the very beginning. While Margaret was a bit more rambunctious, young Elizabeth — who was called "Lilibet" by those closest to her — was well-behaved and serious beyond her years.
Below follow the line of succession and explore the many branches of the family over which the Queen and Prince Philip preside. The grandson of Queen Victoria—and grandfather to Queen Elizabeth—George V was born third in the line of succession and did not expect to become king. That changed after his elder brother Prince Albert Victor died in George ascended the throne after the death of his father in , serving as King of the United Kingdom and Emperor of India until his death in Despite technically being a princess of the German Duchy of Teck, she was born and raised in England. The couple married in , and had six children, two of whom would become reigning monarchs.
She was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her husband's accession in until his death in , after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother ,  to avoid confusion with her daughter. She was the last Empress consort of India. Born into a family of British nobility , she came to prominence in when she married the Duke of York, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. The couple and their daughters embodied traditional ideas of family and public service. Elizabeth then became queen. During the war, her seemingly indomitable spirit provided moral support to the British public.