Reasonable Doubt Quotes (19 quotes)
Evidentiary Standards and Burdens of Proof
Jack B. Some flexibility should be left to the discretion of the jurors. Whether any articulation of a standard—in words or percentages—will have an appreciable effect on the rate of improper convictions is not clear. Tillers's and Jonathan Gottfried's analysis supporting a quantified jury instruction on the meaning of proof beyond a reasonable doubt is persuasive. That it will be adopted in practice seems doubtful, for some of the reasons suggested by Prof. Franklin and in our Comment. In the usual civil case, the law does not favour either party, except that it slightly prefers the status quo.
In almost every legal proceeding, there are generally two different sets of important rules that must be met before a judge decides who wins a case. These important rules, known as evidentiary standards and burden of proof , determine which party is responsible for showing enough evidence to either prove or disprove a particular claim and the amount of evidence necessary to do so. Criminal cases and civil cases vary greatly in many respects, but evidence is generally always the key factor in deciding a case. In both criminal law cases and civil law cases , the parties have to convince a trier of fact judge or jury of their position. Prosecutors in criminal cases must prove meet the burden of proving that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, whereas plaintiffs in a civil case, such as for personal injury, must prove their case by a preponderance of the evidence. These two standards are not exactly clear to the average American person as to what they both mean or how they truly differ from one another, thus, further explanation is needed. As noted above, the preponderance of the evidence evidentiary standard is the evidentiary standard required to be proven in civil law cases.
Reasonable doubt is a term used in jurisdiction of common law countries. Evidence that is beyond reasonable doubt is the standard of evidence required to .
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History of the Standard of Reasonable Doubt
In the U. To explore this concept, consider the following beyond a reasonable doubt definition. The Western standard by which accused people are judged originated in medieval England, which held jurors to a strict religious standard in passing judgment. How convincing the evidence needs to be to accomplish this in a court of law varies according to the type of trial. The reason the burden of proof in a criminal trial is so strict is that, while a civil trial may result in the defendant being ordered to make monetary payment, a criminal conviction may result in the defendant being deprived of his freedom, or even in his death.