Apology by PlatoThe Apology of Socrates is Platos version of the speech given by Socrates as he unsuccessfully defended himself in 399BCE against the charges of corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel (24b). Apology here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word apologia) of speaking in defense of a cause or of ones beliefs or actions.
The revised edition of this popular textbook features revised vocabulary and grammatical notes that now appear on the same page as the text, sentence diagrams, principal parts of verbs listed both by Stephanus page and alphabetically, word frequency list for words occurring more than twice, and complete vocabulary.
Plato and Socrates’ Apology (Summary)
In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position to write about it. The other account we have of the trial, that of Xenophon , a contemporary of Socrates, is of a very different character. We know that Xenophon was not present as a live witness. Of greater importance is the fact that the two Apology s agree in many details. They agree about what the charges against Socrates were: failing to acknowledge the gods recognized by the city, introducing other new divinities, and corrupting the young.
Plato and the death of Socrates
It offers not just a defense of Socrates the man but also a defense of the philosophical life, which is one reason it has always been popular with philosophers! At the time he was 28 years old and a great admirer of Socrates, so the portrait and the speech may be embellished to cast both in a good light. Even so, some of what Socrates' detractors called his "arrogance" comes through. This is a little complicated. The trial took place in Athens in BCE. Socrates was not prosecuted by the state--that is, by the city of Athens, but by three individuals, Anytus, Meletus, and Lycon. He faced two charges:.