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Secrets of the Castle: Why Build A Castle? - Episode 1 - (Medieval Documentary) - Timeline
Why 'Game of Thrones' Isn’t Medieval—and Why That Matters
Medieval European urbanization presents a line of continuity between earlier cities and modern European urban systems. Yet, many of the spatial, political and economic features of medieval European cities were particular to the Middle Ages, and subsequently changed over the Early Modern Period and Industrial Revolution. There is a long tradition of demographic studies estimating the population sizes of medieval European cities, and comparative analyses of these data have shed much light on the long-term evolution of urban systems. However, the next step—to systematically relate the population size of these cities to their spatial and socioeconomic characteristics—has seldom been taken. This raises a series of interesting questions, as both modern and ancient cities have been observed to obey area-population relationships predicted by settlement scaling theory. To address these questions, we analyze a new dataset for the settled area and population of European cities from the early fourteenth century to determine the relationship between population and settled area. To interpret this data, we develop two related models that lead to differing predictions regarding the quantitative form of the population-area relationship, depending on the level of social mixing present in these cities.
In the history of Europe , the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity , the medieval period, and the modern period. Population decline , counterurbanisation , collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes , which had begun in Late Antiquity , continued in the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period , including various Germanic peoples , formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East—once part of the Byzantine Empire —came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate , an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not complete.
If there's one thing everyone can seem to agree on about George R. Seven large kingdoms, each with multiple cities and towns, share a populous continent. Urban traders ply the Narrow Sea in galleys, carrying cargoes of wine, grains, and other commodities to the merchants of the Free Cities in the east. Slavers raid the southern continent and force slaves to work as miners, farmers, or household servants. There is a powerful bank based in the Venice-like independent republic of Braavos. A guild in Qarth dominates the international spice trade.
Today, Tokyo is the most populous city in the world; through most of the 20th century it was New York. Over the course of human history, a great number of cities have held this title. From Jericho in BC to Tokyo in AD, this map plots 48 cities from history, each estimated to have been, at one time, the largest in the world. This map is based on historical population estimates from four different researchers, and is not a definitive list. Anecdotes abound regarding the meteoric rise of Uber and its devastation of the traditional taxi industry in cities around the world. However, the comparison is difficult to quantify since available data is limited for both taxis and Uber.
Middle Ages , the period in European history from the collapse of Roman civilization in the 5th century ce to the period of the Renaissance variously interpreted as beginning in the 13th, 14th, or 15th century, depending on the region of Europe and other factors. A brief treatment of the Middle Ages follows. For full treatment, see Europe, history of: The Middle Ages. The term and its conventional meaning were introduced by Italian humanists with invidious intent. It would seem unnecessary to observe that the men and women who lived during the thousand years or so preceding the Renaissance were not conscious of living in the Middle Ages. A few— Petrarch was the most conspicuous among them—felt that their lot was cast in a dark time, which had begun with the decline of the Roman Empire. In a sense, the humanists invented the Middle Ages in order to distinguish themselves from it.