Popular Latin American History Books
Online Introduction to Latin America
History of Latin America , history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico , Central America , and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century. Even since independence, many of the various nations have experienced similar trends, and they have some awareness of a common heritage. However, there are also enormous differences between them.
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Gustavo L., The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History brings together seventeen articles that survey the recent historiography of the colonial era, independence movements, and postcolonial periods. They begin by questioning the limitations and meaning of Latin America as a conceptual organization of space within the Americas and how the region became excluded from broader studies of the Western hemisphere.
On the 12th of October , Columbus, with his three caravels, set foot on American soil and this upset the Portuguese who forced through the Treaty of Tordesillas which divided the new territories between both powers. The Spanish language absorbed hundreds of Aztec words such as coyote, tomato or chocolate. Francisco Pizarro, the other great conqueror, started the conquest of the huge Inca Empire whose centre would be Peru nowadays in , taking advantage of a civil war between its leaders, the brothers Huascar and Atahualpa. Pizarro managed to capture the emperor Atahualpa and took the capital of Cuzco in , finishing his conquests in , as a consequence of which, words such as lancha boat , cancha court , puma, carpa tent and papa potato came into the Spanish language from Quechua, the Inca language. The Spanish territories were organized into viceroyalties under the common code called Indian law.
From Columbus to Frida Kahlo, learn about the conquistadors, artists, revolutionaries, and everyday people who shaped the vast region known as Latin America. List Latin American Dictators. List 9 Facts About Quetzalcoatl. Article The Mexican Revolution. Article Emiliano Zapata and the Plan of Ayala. Article The Legend of El Dorado. Article Who Were the Spanish Conquistadors?